##### Department of Mathematics,

University of California San Diego

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### Math 288 - Probability and Statistics Seminar

## Nayantara Bhatnagar

#### University of California at Berkeley

## Non-Reconstruction for Colorings on Trees

##### Abstract:

Consider $k$-colorings of the complete tree of depth $\ell$ and branching factor $\Delta$. If we fix the coloring of the leaves, as $\ell$ tends to $\infty$, for what range of $k$ is the root uniformly distributed over all $k$ colors? This corresponds to the threshold for uniqueness of the infinite-volume Gibbs measure. It is straightforward to show the existence of colorings of the leaves which ``freeze'' the entire tree when $k \le \Delta+1$. What happens for a {\em typical} coloring of the leaves? When the leaves have a non-vanishing influence on the root in expectation, over random colorings of the leaves, reconstruction is said to hold. Non-reconstruction is equivalent to extremality of the free-boundary Gibbs measure. When $k<\Delta/\ln{\Delta}$, it is straightforward to show that reconstruction is possible and hence the measure is not extremal. We prove that for $C>1$ and $k =C\Delta/\ln{\Delta}$, that the Gibbs measure is extremal in a strong sense: with high probability over the colorings of the leaves the influence at the root decays exponentially fast with the depth of the tree. Closely related results were also proven by Sly. The above strong form of extremality implies that a local Markov chain that updates constant sized blocks has inverse linear entropy constant and hence $O(N\log N)$ mixing time where $N$ is the number of vertices of the tree. This is joint work with Juan Vera, Eric Vigoda and Dror Weitz.

Host: Jason Schweinsberg

### November 6, 2008

### 9:00 AM

### AP&M 6402

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